Investigating the Effect of Potential Absorptive Capacity, Realised Absorptive Capacity and Knowledge Sharing on Employees Innovative Behavior in Ministry of Sports and Youth of Iran.

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Urmia University

2 رئیس دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه ارومیه

3 Assistant Professor in Sport Management Razi University


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of absorptive capacity and knowledge sharing on employees innovative behavior in ministry of sports and youth of iran. The research method was descriptive survey and it is one type of apply research. The statistical population included all employees of the ministry of sport and youth that their number was 400 people through proportional stratified random sampling, and 230 people were selected as statistical sample. And the class-experts (formal and contractual) - and managers (department managers, deputies, and group presidents). In order to determine the face and content validity of the questionnaires, the professors and experts in the field of management were used. For data collection we used to three questionnaires of absorptive capacity Zahra and George (2002); Jansen, Van Den Bosch, and Volberda (2005), knowledge sharing de Vries, Van den Hooff, and de Ridder (2006), and innovative behaviour Scott and Bruce (1994). For data analyze, we used to structural equation modeling (SEM) and path analysis by the Amos software version 24. The results of the research showed that there is a direct (positive and significant) relationship between the absorption capacity and knowledge sharing with the innovative behavior. Therefore, it can be concluded that sports organizations, as much as attracting knowledge and exploiting it, and improving knowledge sharing, promote the innovative behavior of employees is. Managers should provide the field for attracting external knowledge and sharing knowledge among employees, it promotes the innovative behavior of staff and improves the performance of sports organizations.


Main Subjects

  • رمضانیان، محمدرحیم؛ مرادی، محمود؛ بساق‌زاده، نرجس. (1390). «بررسی رابطه میان تسهیم دانش، توانایی جذب و قابلیت نوآوری در شرکت‌های پارک علم و فناوری استان گیلان». نهمین کنفرانس بین‌المللی مدیریت، تهران.
  • سیدعامری، میرحسن؛ عباسی، همایون؛ جمشیدی، عزت‌الله. (1398). «بررسی اثر ظرفیت جذب و خلاقیت بر رفتار نوآورانۀ کارشناسان وزارت ورزش و جوانان ایران». مدیریت ورزشی، 11(3)، 521-546.
  • عباسی، همایون؛ جمشیدی، عزت‌الله؛ مرادی، محمد. (۱۳۹۶). «ارتباط بین ظرفیت جذب و رفتار نوآورانۀ کارشناسان اداره‌کل ورزش و جوانان استان کرمانشاه». دومین کنفرانس بین‌المللی پژوهش‌های کاربردی در تربیت‌بدنی، علوم ورزشی و قهرمانی، دانشگاه تهران.
  • مرادی، محمود؛ ولی‌پور، محمدعلی؛ یاکیده، کیخسرو؛ صفردوست، عاطفه؛ عبداللهیان، فرزانه. (1392). «بررسی نقش ظرفیت جذب دانش بر عملکرد نوآورانۀ سازمان‌ها». چشم‌انداز مدیریت بازرگانی، 12(14)، 79-102.


  • Bircham, H. & Corner, J. (2005). “An Empirical Study of the Impact of Question Structure on Recipient Attitude During Knowledge Sharing”. The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(2).
  • Cabrera, E. & Cabrera, A. (2005). “Fostering Knowledge Sharing through People Management Practices”. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 16(5), 720–735.
  • Chang, H. T.; Chou, Y. J.; Liou, J. W. & Tu, Y. T. (2016). “The Effects of Perfectionism on Innovative Behavior and Job Burnout: Team Workplace Friendship as a Moderator”. Personality and Individual Differences, 96, 260-265.
  • Cohen, W. M. & Levinthal, D. A. (1990). “Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation”. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(1), 128-152.
  • Cranefield, J. & Pak, Y. (2007). “The Role of the Translator / Interpreter in Knowledge Transfer Environments”. Knowledge and Process Management, 14(2), 95-103.
  • De Vries, R.; Hooff, B. & De Ridder, J. (2006) “Explaining Knowledge Sharing: The Role of Team Communication Styles, Job Satisfaction, and Performance Beliefs”. Communication Research, 33, 115-135.
  • Fosfuri, A. & Tribo, J. A. (2008). “Exploring the Antecedents of Potential Absorptive Capacity and its Impact on Innovation Performance”. Omega, 36(2), 173-187.
  • Foss, N.; Husted, K. & Michailova, S. (2010). “Governing Knowledge Sharing in Organizations: Levels of Analysis, Governance Mechanisms, and Research Directions”. Journal of Management Studies, 47(3), 455-482.
  • Gross, R. (2017). “Exploring the Moderating Impact of Absorptive Capacity on Strategic Thinking, Innovative Behavior, and Entrepreneurial Orientation at the Organizational Level of Analysis”. Journal of Management Policy and Practice, 18(3), 60-73.
  • Hofstede, G. (1997). Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind: Intercultural Cooperation and Its Importance for Survival. New York, McGraw-Hill.
  • Huang, Q.; Davison, R. & Gu, J. (2008). “Impact of Personal and Cultural Factors on Knowledge Sharing in China”. Asia Pacific Journal Management, 25(3), 451-471.
  • Jansen, Justin J. P.; Van Den Bosch, F. A. J. & Volberda, H. W. (2005). “Managing Potential and Realized Absorptive Capacity: How Do Organizational Antecedents Matter?” Academy of Management Journal, 48(6).
  • Kostopoulos, K.; Papalexandris, A.; Papachroni, M. & Ioannou, G. (2011). “Absorptive Capacity, Innovation, and Financial Performance”. Journal of Business Research, 64(12), 1335-1343.
  • Liao, Sh-H; Fei, Wu-Ch. & Chen, Ch-Ch. (2007). “Knowledge Sharing, Absorptive Capacity, and Innovation Capability: An Empirical Study of Taiwan’s Knowledge-intensive Industries.” Journal of Information Science, 33(3), 340-359.
  • Liu, M. & Liu, N. (2008). “Sources of Knowledge Acquisition and Patterns of Knowledge-sharing Behaviors: An Empirical Study of Taiwanese High-tech Firms”. International Journal of Information Management, 28(5), 423-432.
  • Mesmer-Magnus, J. & Dechurch, L. (2009). “Information Sharing and Team Performance: A Meta-analysis”. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(2), 535-546.
  • Minbaeva, D. B.; Makela, K. & Rabbiosi, L. (2010). “Explaining Intra Organizational Knowledge Transfer at the Individual Level”. Knowledge Creation Diffusion Utilization SMG Working, 1, 1-36.
  • Mu, J.; Peng, G. & Love, E. (2008). “Interfirm Networks, Social Capital, and Knowledge Flow”. Journal of Knowledge Management, 12(4), 86-100.
  • Oldham, G. R. & Cummings, A. (1996). “Employee Creativity: Personal and Contextual Factors at Work”. Academy of Management Journal, 39(3), 607-634.
  • Peters D.; Mahapatra, P. & Steinhardt, L. (2010). “Job Satisfaction and Motivation of Health Workers in Public and Private Sectors: Cross-sectional Analysis from Two Indian States”. Human Resources for Health, 8(27), 1-11.
  • Radaelli, G; Lettieri, E; Mura, M. & Spiller, N. (2014). “Knowledge Sharing and Innovative Work Behaviour in Healthcare: A Micro-Level Investigation of Direct and Indirect Effects”. Creativity and Innovation Management, 23(4), 400-414.
  • Ren, F. & Zhang, J. (2015). “Job Stressors, Organizational Innovation Climate, and Employees’ Innovative Behavior”. Creativity Research Journal, 27, 16-23.
  • Scott, S. G. & Bruce, R. A. (1994). “Determinants of Innovative Behavior: A Path Model of Individual Innovation in the Workplace”. Academy of Management Journal, 37(3), 580-607.
  • Von Krogh, G. V. (2003). “Knowledge Sharing and the Communal Resource”. In Easterby-Smith & Lyles (Eds.), The Blackwell Handbook of Organizational Learning and Knowledge Management.
  • Wang, J.; Yang, J. & Xue, Y. (2017). “Subjective Well-being, Knowledge Sharing and Individual Innovation Behavior: The Moderating Role of Absorptive Capacity”. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 38(8), 1110-1127.
  • Wook Seo, Y.; Wook Chae, S. & Chang Lee, K. (2015). “The Impact of Absorptive Capacity, Exploration, and Exploitation on Individual Creativity: Moderating Effect of Subjective Well-being”. Computers in Human Behavior, 42, 68-82.
  • Zahra, Shaker A. & George, G. (2002). “Absorptive Capacity: A Review, Reconceptualization, and Extension.” Academy of Management Review, 27(2), 185-203.
  • Zhang, P. & Ng, F. (2012). “Analysis of Knowledge Sharing Behaviour in Construction Teams in Hong Kong”. Construction Management and Economics, 30(7), 1-18.