Modeling Of Sport For Development And Peace

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 PhD Student,, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Associate Professor, Department of Faculty of Physical Education & Sports Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education & Sports Sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.



Sport plays an important role in the extension of development and peace plans due to its intrinsic educational, cultural and social dimensions. Thus, this study was carried out aimed to model sports for development and peace. The present study is considered as an applied research in terms of purpose and a mixed research in terms of the method used. The statistical population of the present study included professional athletes, sports coaches and managers, psychologists and sociologists active in sports. In the qualitative section, statistical samples based on theoretical saturation (20 people) were interviewed by snowball method and 50 indicators were extracted. 35 indicators were confirmed after four stages of fuzzy Delphi method. Questionnaires obtained from the qualitative section were categorized by exploratory factor analysis and variables were identified. The statistical sample was estimated based on a sufficient number for modeling in pls software at 10 times of the dimensions drawn in the concept model, and 350 people were determined based on 35 hidden variables. According to the results of this study; Sport has a variety of development and peace goals for development and peace: attracting young people to education, employment and training, promoting conflict resolution and peaceful relations in communities, empowering women and promoting gender equality, and contributing to the social participation of persons with disabilities, promoting health education, efforts to reduce homelessness and reducing criminal activities, urban violence and crime. Sport is recognized as a broad social field for development and peace, in which sport and related activities are used for achieving different types of non-sporting development goals and building peace around the world.


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