Security and sport tourism

Document Type : Research Paper



The purpose of present research is determining the role and position of security factor in effective factors influencing development of sport tourism based on present situation and optimum situation. The statistical population of this research includes 62 sport expert and specialists including the professors and students of physical education PhD level majoring management and planning. The tool of present research is consisted of a researcher made questionnaire that was distributed after confirming its justifiability and perpetuity (a = 0.38). After describing the data, we used Freidman test for rating the factors and then we used Wilcoxon test for determining mean differences of factors. According to obtained results, from among 12 effective factors influencing sport tourism, security factor and achieving suitable situation, the factor of security gained first rate. After security, the factor of sport events is considerable that gained first rate in present situation and gained 5th rate in optimum situation. Rating of all factors is presented in this article.


  1. شورای عالی ایرانگردی و جانگردی (دیماه 1381)، برنامه ملی گردشگری، ساختار نظارت بر اجرای استراتژی­های برنامه توسعه.
  2. خسروی، عزت الله (1388)، امنیت، مهم­ترین مؤلفه در جذب توریست، ویژه نامة اولین همایش ملی امنیت و توسعه پایدار گردشگری، اصفهان، صص 73-78.
  3. قادری، زاهد،   
  4. نصیریان، جلال، الگوهای رفتاری در کشورهای باستانی ایران، نشریه گردشگری، شمارة 20، ص 22.
  5. ضرغام، حمید (1375) مدل برنامه ریزی استراتژیک ایران، پایان نامه دکتری، دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه تهران، ص30 .
    1. Chalip, L., Green, B.C., & Hill, B. (2003). Effects of sport event media on destination image and intention to visit. Journal of Sport Management, 17, 214-234.
    2. Daniel C. Funk & Tennille J. Bruun (2007) The role of socio psychological and culture-education motives in marketing international sport tourism: A cross-cultural perspective. Tourism management. Elsevier, 28,806-819.
    3. Gibson, H., Attle, S., & Yiannakis, A. (1998). Segmenting the sport tourist market: A lifespan perspective. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 4, 52–64.
    4. Gibson, H. (Ed.) (2006). Sport tourism: Concepts and theories. Oxon: Rout ledge
    5. Higam. J & Hinch. T (2006) Sport and Tourism Research: A Geographic Approach. Journal of Sport & Tourism, pp.31-49.
    6. Simon Hudson, PhD, 2003, Sport and Adventure Tourism.
    7. Solberg.H. & Preuss. H (2007)Major sport events and long-term tourism impacts. Journal of sport Management, 21,213-234.
    8. Sport Business Assosiated, The Business of Sport Tourism, sports_reports/business_sports_tourism.htm